2 edition of International trade, location and wage inequality in China found in the catalog.
International trade, location and wage inequality in China
by United Nations University, World Institute for Development Economics Research in Helsinki
Written in English
|Series||WIDER discussion paper|
|Contributions||World Institute for Development Economics Research.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||34 p. :|
|Number of Pages||34|
A similar form of income inequality occurs when businesses or states retain a growing share—and households a declining share—of GDP. This phenomenon has been especially noticeable in Germany and China over the past fifteen years as both countries have forced down the household share of GDP by implementing policies aimed at making domestic businesses more competitive in international . The trade-and-wages debate has settled comfortably into what Sherlock Holmes might have called ‘the 20% solution’. Using a variety of methodologies, many researchers have demonstrated that international trade accounts for no more than a fifth of the rising inequality experienced by the United States in the last two decades, e.g., Feenstra and.
Growth, Trade, and Inequality Gene M. Grossman Princeton University Elhanan Helpman Harvard University and CIFAR J Abstract We introduce –rm and worker heterogeneity into a model of innovation-driven endogenous growth. Individuals who di⁄er in ability sort into either a research activity or a manufacturing Size: KB. International Trade and Gender Wage Inequality Motivation for the Research: In recent years, globalization and international trade has become a significant issue for countries. Consumers tend to use more goods and services and due to the lack of resources, the need to trade with other countries seems to be inevitable.
China’s Gini coefficient, 1 a widely used measure of income dispersion across a population, has risen more steeply over the last decade than in any other country, according to an International Author: Anjani Trivedi. This paper documents an inverse U-shape in the evolution of wage inequality in Latin America since , with a sharp reduction starting in The Gini coefficient of wages increased from 42 to 44 between and and declined to 39 by Cited by: 7.
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This book deals with International trade impact that international trade is likely to have on the skilled-unskilled wage gap in a typical developing economy. This is the first theoretical monograph on this particular issue which has already generated substantial debate and voluminous work for the developed by: He found that the increase in wage inequality in China can be explained by the role of geographical location in determining the returns to labour.
Author: Songhua Lin. International Trade, Location and Wage Inequality in China Models of economic geography predict that transportation costs directly affect demand for goods and the supply of intermediate inputs.
In China, Russia, India, Mexico, and South Africa, as well as most other developing and transition economies, spatial and regional inequality - of economic activity, incomes, and social indicators - is on the increase.
Spatial inequality is a dimension of overall inequality, but it has added significance when spatial and regional divisions align with political and ethnic tensions to undermine social and political. Location and the Growth of Nations’, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco Working Papers in Applied Economic Theory ().
Regional Income Inequality and Economic Growth in China’, (). Rising Wage Inequality: International trade United States : Songhua Lin. We find large ownership-type wage premiums separate from other observable influences on wages, including a firm's exporter status.
Our results indicate that ownership type matters more than exporter status as a determinant in explaining intra-sectoral wage inequality in China Cited by: 3. Sonali Jain-Chandra published a striking chart on income inequality in China on the IMF blog – which is based on a recently issued working shows that the Gini coefficient has risen by 15 points since to that is a big change, even though some increase in inequality could have been expected as the level of development improved.
Reports. International Trade and Wage Inequality in the United States: Some New Results. Sachs, Jeffrey D.; Shatz, Howard J. This paper shows that theory and evidence are more supportive of the link between increasing trade with developing countries and increasing U.S.
wage inequality than recent criticisms have led many to by: cially, in the Chinese case, reductions in the cost of conducting international trade), creates signiﬁcant increasing returns, which in turn foster growth. But the conjunction of economic expansion and international trade seems to result in unfortunateside effects, such as rising inequality of income.
Indeed,China has experienced. The Impact of Trade on Inequality in Developing Countries Nina Pavcnik. NBER Working Paper No. Issued in September NBER Program(s):Development Economics, International Trade and Investment This paper assesses the current state of evidence on how international trade shapes inequality and poverty through its influence on earnings and employment by: 9.
wage inequality, using Brazilian data from – We combine approaches from di˛erent parts of the trade and labor literature to provide an integrated view of the sources of wage inequality in the data.
First, we document that much of overall wage inequality occurs within sectors and occupations rather than between sectors and occupations. International trade's impact on income inequality is mixed; governments need to promote human resource development and income redistribution.
The impact of globalization on equality has become a serious concern for many countries. There is growing evidence challenging the theoretical prediction that international trade positively impacts income by: 1.
Income inequality () By combining recently released tax statistics on high-income individuals with household surveys and national account data, we can provide new estimates of income inequality. To our knowledge, this represents the first attempt to use tax data on high earners to correct inequality statistics in China.
In column (2), we use total market access (foreign plus domestic), employing our first measure of domestic market access. The estimated coefficient is again positive and statistically significant at the 5% level, and the R 2 of the regression rises to In columns (3) and (4), cross-country variation in internal area is incorporated in the construction of DMA, corresponding to our second Cited by: - Buy International Trade, Wage Inequality and the Developing Economy: A General Equilibrium Approach (Contributions to Economics) book online at best prices in India on Read International Trade, Wage Inequality and the Developing Economy: A General Equilibrium Approach (Contributions to Economics) book reviews & author details and more at Author: Sugata Marjit, Rajat Acharyya.
"International Trade, Location and Wage Inequality in China," WIDER Working Paper Series DP, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER). Fetscherin, Marc & Voss, Hinrich & Gugler, Philippe, " 30 Years of foreign direct investment to China: An interdisciplinary literature review," International Business Review.
International trade and wage inequality in Canada Article in Journal of Economic Geography 10(1) April with Reads How we measure 'reads'. Ma, Alyson C., Geographical Location of Foreign Direct Investment and Wage Inequality in China.
The World Economy, Vol. 29, No. 8, pp.August Cited by: Geographical Location of Foreign Direct Investment and Wage Inequality in China This paper examines the relationships between distance and the transportation costs of international trade on the location‐specific effects of foreign direct invest‐ment and provincial per capita income in China.
This paper analyzes the dynamic effect of globalization and decentralization on the wage inequality of China by using annually observed, time series data. It considers the effect of globalization expressed in terms of both international trade and FDI inflows as well as decentralization on China's income inequality over the period –Cited by:.
While methodologies and results are mixed, the late s consensus differed from the standard textbook theory: The consensus seemed to hold that technological changes that place a premium on skilled workers—not international trade—constituted the dominant factor contributing to increased US inequality in the s.
International trade was characterized as a less important. One could argue that the U.S. should be more like Sweden, staying the course on free trade, cushioning the costs of job losses in the short term, and .International trade has been cited as a source of widening wage inequality in industrial nations.
Consistent with this claim, we find a significant export wage premium for high-skilled workers in German manufacturing and an export wage discount for lower skilled workers, using matched employer-employee data.
Estimates suggest that the export wage premium to high-skilled workers represents .